By Frederick Copleston
Conceived initially as a significant presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A background Of Philosophy has journeyed a long way past the modest goal of its writer to common acclaim because the most sensible historical past of philosophy in English.Copleston, an Oxford Jesuit of significant erudition who as soon as tangled with A.J. Ayer in a fabled debate in regards to the lifestyles of God and the potential for metaphysics, knew that seminary scholars have been fed a woefully insufficient nutrition of theses and proofs, and that their familiarity with such a lot of history's nice thinkers used to be decreased to simplistic caricatures. Copleston got down to redress the incorrect through writing a whole heritage of Western Philosophy, one crackling with incident and highbrow pleasure - and person who offers complete position to every philosopher, providing his concept in a fantastically rounded demeanour and exhibiting his hyperlinks to those that went sooner than and to people who got here after him.
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Extra info for A History of Philosophy, Vol. 2: Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy From Augustine to Duns Scotus
On the other hand, the Faith has a rational basis, in that, logically speaking, the acceptance of mysteries on authority presupposes the ascertainability by natural reasoning of certain preliminary truths, especially the existence of God, which are capable of philosophic demonstration. Accordingly, though the superiority of faith must be maintained, it is only right to invoke the aid of philosophy. 3 The cosmic order proves the existence of God, and from the necessary perfection of God we can argue to His unity, that there is one God.
5 19. 26 PRE-MEDIAEVAL INFLUENCES theologico-philosophical system. This effort was characteristic of the Catechetical School at Alexandria, of which the two most famous names are Clement and Origen. (i) Titus Flavius Clemens (Clement of Alexandria) was born about 150, perhaps at Athens, came to Alexandria in 202 or 203 and died there about 219. Animated by the attitude which was later summed up in the formula, Credo, ut inteUigam, he sought to develop the systematic presentation of the Christian wisdom in a true, as opposed to a false gnosis.
Best known as a great Church historian, he is also of importance for his Christian apologetic, and under this heading conies his attitude towards Greek philosophy, since, in general, he regarded Greek philosophy, especially Platonism, as a preparation of the heathen world for Christianity, though he was fully alive to the errors of Greek philosophers and to the contradictions between the many philosophical Schools. Yet, though he speaks sharply on occasion, his general attitude is sympathetic and appreciative, an attitude which comes out most clearly in his Praeparatio evangelica in fifteen books.
A History of Philosophy, Vol. 2: Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy From Augustine to Duns Scotus by Frederick Copleston