Read e-book online A History of the Jewish Community in Istanbul PDF

By Minna Rozen

ISBN-10: 9004185895

ISBN-13: 9789004185890

This quantity offers the transformation of the Greek-speaking, Romaniot Jewish neighborhood of Byzantine Constantinople into an Ottoman, ethnically varied immigrant group, exhibiting the impression of the Ottoman conquest on cultural and social values. New and latest resources light up a society that used to be haunted by way of the dislocation and bereavement of the expulsion from Spain yet used to be however materialistic and pleasure-seeking, with cash and pedigree as ideal values. The society continuously redefined its relationships and limits with its former Iberian global and with the Ottoman non-Jewish international round it. The e-book is critical to the examine of Istanbul, fairly its Ottoman Jewish group. The chapters on kin Formation and Social styles serve kin historians learning the early smooth interval. This moment variation comprises a number of pages of corrections and additions.

Biographical note
Minna Rozen, Ph.D. (1977) in Jewish historical past, Tel Aviv collage, is a Professor of Jewish background on the college of Haifa, Israel. She has released greatly on social heritage of the Sephardic Diaspora within the Mediterranean basin in Hebrew, English and French, and initiated significant documentation tasks of Jewish remnants in those regions.
All these drawn to the heritage of the Ottoman Empire, particularly the background of Istanbul and/or the heritage of the Sephardic Diaspora. contributors of this Diaspora world wide and Sephardic genealogists.
'...very concise, lucid, methodic and insightful...This ebook is a milestone in ancient stories of the Jews within the Ottoman Empire.'
Maria Eftymiou, BHMA, 2003.
'...full of element and touching upon each attainable point in regards to the existence and instances of the early Jewish group of Istanbul…'
Sara Nur Yildiz, H-Net studies within the Humanities & Social Sciences, 2003.
' ...a significant contribution to Jewish and Ottoman social historical past' Avigdor Levy, foreign magazine of heart East reviews, 2004
' very important examine that gives a lot perception into the lifetime of Jews in early smooth Istanbul', Marc Baer, magazine of the commercial and Social historical past of the Orient, VOL. XLVII, 2004

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Counterfeiting became a felony punishable by transportation “beyond the seas” for seven years to life. 25 In North America, severe penalties were also meted out to counterfeiters in both the French and English colonies. The card money introduced in New France in 1685 to alleviate a gold shortage was an easy target for counterfeiters. Penalties for counterfeiting it ranged from flogging to banishment, or even hanging. In 1690, Pierre Malidor, a surgeon, was found guilty of counterfeiting and passing card money.

13 Eschewing portraits or pictures on its notes, which were printed on only one side, the Bank of England relied on the distinctive quality of its white watermarked paper to thwart counterfeiting well into the twentieth century. 14 It wasn’t until 1793, owing to a shortage of gold caused by Britain’s conflict with revolutionary France, that the Bank of England began to issue notes smaller than £10, a very considerable sum at that time. 15 These amounts were far larger than what was needed in most routine day-to-day transactions.

Twenty or thirty persons were then sentenced to death at a time for issuing a bad half-crown or a forged one-pound note. The practical lesson taught by the process was, that man, for some or any purpose, such as preventing ill-executed coins or inconvertible bank notes, which carried in their denominations or their false promises incontestable evidence of a disregard in those who coined or issued them of the right of property, from being imitated, might take away life. It was a specific encouragement to murder.

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